What is root canal treatment? How long will the treatment take and how much will it cost us?

These are the most frequently asked questions from our patients.

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is a very important procedure; therefore, we do our best to explain the patients benefits, risks and duration of the treatment for it helps them to understand the current situation and decide on further treatment or retreatment.

Root canal treatment reduces toothache pain and helps maintain your smile.

In order to understand the root canal procedure, it is necessary to know the anatomy of the tooth. Inside the tooth, under the white enamel and a hard layer called dentine, there is a soft tissue called the pulp.

The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue and helps your teeth roots grow during their development.

Dental tissue damage caused by tooth decay, dental injuries and dental procedures lead to inflammatory reactions within the pulp.

With inflammation covering the entire pulp, its death is inevitable, thus, the root canal becomes a reservoir of microorganisms, where they are protected from the effects of the organism’s immune system. Then a very careful and responsible treatment is necessary.

Endodontic treatment treats the inside of the tooth. Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected.

The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes: deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, etc. What is more, trauma to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or it can even lead to an abscess.

Even though the doctor may face with different clinical situations during endodontic treatment, the principles of the treatment remain the same, that is, the root canal preparation, the hermetic root canal filling and the tooth crown restoration.

Therefore, endodontic treatment procedures should be performed inside the canal without damaging the integrity of its lumen. This requires the determination of the canal length.

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The methods applied in Kaunas Implantology Centre for the determination of the root canal length are the following:

1. Radiographic method;

2. The electric technique involving the usage of an electric root canal length measuring device.

At the beginning of the last century it was proven that successful treatment results might only be achieved by removing “impurities” from the root canal. During the root canal treatment the infected pulp and/or inflammation is removed, the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected.

Then the cavity is filled and covered with the rubber called gutta-percha. After the tooth is restored, it functions as the other teeth.

In order to achieve good results of endodontic treatment, our clinic Kaunas Implantology Centre uses new root canal filling techniques that are safe, predictable, operative, and that ensure three-dimensional filling of root canals, i.e., the connection between the oral cavity and periodontal tissues is eliminated, thus the healing of pathologically damaged tissues is ensured. Gutta-percha posts are used for this purpose.

Gutta-percha is a unique natural thermoplastic polymer made from the leaves of Palaqium Oblongifolium Burck tree, which grows in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Philippines.

Thus, in order to achieve good and successful endodontic treatment results, all stages of the work are very important. Once they are fulfilled, we may declare the treatment as successful.