Beautiful smile is a modern man’s business card.

Worldwide, much attention is paid to dental care, especially to professional oral hygiene and prophylaxis.

General information

  • Marginal periodont includes the supporting structures surrounding the teeth –gums, ligaments, bone, and tooth root cement. Each teeth in the jaws is located in the wells called alveoli. Periodontal ligament supports the tooth in the bone. The tooth is surrounded by gums. Upon onset, marginal periodont first damages the gums, then damage progresses to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Marginal periodontal diseases are caused by micro-organisms in dental plaque. Soft plaque, if not removed, in the long run become mineralized and become hard plaque.
  • Dental tartar does not cause periodontal inflammation in itself, but is conducive to the accumulation of soft plaque containing periodontal disease-causing microorganisms.
  • Dental tartar can appear above the gum line – it is visible during the check. Dental tartar below the gum line is found when probing with a periodontal probe; sometimes it can show up in X-ray imaging, or found with special tartar detectors.
  • Oral hygiene is a very important aspect of health. This includes oral hygiene, dental plaque removal in order to prevent plaque-induced diseases.
  • Professional oral hygiene is a procedure to remove soft and hard plaque, and to polish the surfaces of teeth and seals. The purpose of professional oral hygiene is to remove soft and hard dental plaque (tartar), to improve the condition of gums and reduce tooth sensitivity, reviving the oral cavity, and prevent periodontal diseases.
  • Personal oral hygiene entails daily oral hygiene performed by each person, using personal hygiene products.
dantu implantai

Key points of the procedure:

Professional oral hygiene, or dental plaque removal is performed during the initial (hygienic) periodontal disease treatment phase and during the maintenance therapy.

Oral hygiene procedures can be carried out:

  • Before the dental, periodontal, endodontic, orthodontic treatment, dental restorations, prostheses, implant, tooth whitening, oral surgery.
  • As the original phase of complex periodontal disease treatment, regardless of the severity of periodontal disease.
  • As maintenance therapy after the complex of curative treatment procedures and in treatment of periodontal disease.
  • As supportive treatment to reduce the risk of complications during orthodontic treatment when wearing non-removable orthodontic appliances.
  • As a supportive treatment to reduce the risk of complications following dental implantation, to ensure the long-term result.

Aim of the procedure

The purpose of oral hygiene procedures is to remove soft and hard plaque and restore the health of gums by eliminating the main causes of inflammation of the gums.

Method of procedure

  • First, it is necessary to carry out the assessment of dental and oral tissue condition. Over-gum and under-gum concretions are removed using ultrasonic scaler and periodontal hand-held instruments (curettes) to finish the removal of under-gum concretions, and smoothening the root surfaces.
  • Teeth is polished using the air abrasion method AIR–FLOW. Pigment deposits (caused by smoking, coffee, tea and other colouring substances) are polished by air abrasion method – AIR–FLOW. This is a painless way to clean nicotine, coffee or tea stains and brighten the teeth. Strong current of air, water and soda powder is directed perpendicular to the tooth surface, and quickly and painlessly removes the accumulated pigment plaque.
  • The surface of teeth and seals is polished using the abrasive paste. Polished surfaces of the teeth are more resistant to tooth decay, and accumulate less plaque and tartar.
  • Sensitive tooth neck desensitization is performed using special measures.
  • During the professional oral hygiene the patient is explained the importance of individual oral hygiene, proper oral hygiene tools are selected and the patient is taught to use them correctly.

Before and after oral hygiene

dantu implantai

Alternative methods and risks if oral treatment is refused

  • In case of dental tartar, it is necessary to perform professional oral hygiene, there are no alternative treatments for plaque removal.
  • If no tartar removal procedures are performed, deposits continue to accumulate on the teeth above and below the gum line, eventually leading to chronic inflammation of the gums, bad breath, periodontal ligament expansions, pathological periodontal pocket formation, alveolar bone resorption, mobility of teeth and tooth loss, and gingival recession.

It is important to know

Professional hygiene frequency depends on the patient’s oral hygiene quality. Caring for dental hygiene, you can be sure that your teeth are clean and your gums healthy, and protected against inflammation. Dental hygiene is very important for a beautiful and healthy smile. Basic dental and periodontal disease prevention measures include modern professional oral hygiene. The person who takes good care of his teeth has to perform professional oral hygiene every six months. A person who does not have hygiene habits, plaque and tartar builds up much more quickly, so it is recommended to carry out a professional oral hygiene every 4-5 months, and for patients with periodontal disease – every 3-4 months.

  • Only a dental hygienist can effectively remove plaque and tartar.
  • It is important to understand that regular care helps to prevent dental problems and save time and money.
  • Regular visits to the oral hygienist should become a habit for those who cherish their health, as periodontal disease has a negative impact on our entire body.