Periodontal diseases, which are mostly caused by deposits accumulation around the teeth, are quite widespread in Lithuania.
Studies show that nearly 90 % of people have signs of this disease of certain severity. If periodontitis is left untreated, primary clinical signs over time progress into severe periodontitis stages, which manifest themselves in mobility of teeth and eventually tooth loss. The main risk of this disease is that symptoms develop slowly and without pain, so the patient may even taken no notice of the illness for many years.
Timely medical attention is especially important because periodontal diseases affect the health of the whole organism, and only a doctor can make diagnosis, assess the forecast, and prescribe a suitable treatment of periodontal pathology after examining the condition of your oral cavity.
Periodontium. What is that?
Periodontium is the complex of tissues surrounding the tooth. It consists of the gum, alveolar bone of the jaw and the periodontal ligament. By means of the periodontal ligament, the tooth is fixed in the bone in a small hole, which is called the alveoli.
The gum covers the bone and connects it directly with the tooth surface. Between the gum and the tooth, there is a sulcus, whose depth usually ranges from 1 to 3 mm. The gum sulcus forms a natural barrier against infection.