Dental prosthesis

Dental prosthesis –is a treatment with a goal to restore a damaged teeth, missing teeth or a row of them, to restore lost occlusal and masticatory functions, to return self-confidence and the ability to smile.

Reasons, why dental prosthesis is important without delay:

  • To balance the bite power protecting the neighboring teeth.
  • To protect the contour of the gum and distribute the bone load protecting from the bone loss.
  • To avoid the bite problems as teeth can move when there is a gap that could influence addition dental procedures and higher cost of the dental care in the future.
  • To keep or even improve the chewing function.
  • Reduce the chances of getting jaw problems (TMJ).
  • For aesthetic reasons, including the smile and maintaining the shape of the face.

Dental Crown

A dental crowns a visible part of the tooth, the tooth shaped „cap“ that is placed over the tooth or implant and is used to improve the appearance of the tooth by restoring its shape, size and natural color.

The price of dental crowns depends on the materials they are produced from, technologies and time used as well as the individual dental requirements for the fabrication and placement of the crown. It is important to know that dental crowns could not be chosen just acc. to the aesthetics and price. Your dentist will evaluate your individual situation and discuss with you which of the different types of dental crowns is best for you.

This decision will be based on your bite, the condition and position of your tooth, aesthetical expectations and the cost of the crown.

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Criteria for Choosing of Dental Crown

  • Teeth Condition and Function
  • Bite Evaluation;
  • Destructive Habits (like grinding, clenching, biting ones fingernails, etc.);
  • Aesthetical Criteria;
  • Patient‘s Expectations;
  • Price.

Dental Crowns and their Types

The types of dental crowns:

Zirconia Ceramic Crowns

have zirconia base which is covered with ceramic layer, matching the color of your teeth. Zirconia ceramic crowns have the closest appearance to the natural tooth, are aesthetic, long-lasting and strong enough. They are used for restoring of front teeth, molar teeth as well as their rows.

Non-metal Ceramic Crowns

have no carcass and are especially light-transmittance, looks like natural teeth, are aesthetic, long-lasting and strong. They are used for restoring of front teeth as well as molar teeth.

Metal Ceramic Crowns

are made of metal base which is covered by the ceramic layer, matching the color of your teeth. Such dental crowns are firm and cheaper than metal-free and zirconia ceramics. The main disadvantage that underlying metal may show as a black line. Due to these reasons, metal-ceramic dental crowns are more suitable to make a prosthetic appliance for molar teeth.

All Metal Crowns

are strong enough with increased durability, but they does not have tooth-colored appearance. This is the reason why they could be chosen for molar teeth, especially upper jaw in the most cases.

Temporary Crowns

are made from plastics or PMMA material. They are usually placed over the patients‘ teeth while they wait for the permanent crowns.

Dental bridge

Dental bridge – is one of the treatments available to replace missing teeth. Dental bridge is fixed into the mouth by attaching them to neighboring teeth or implants and it stays in the mouth, unlike dentures, which are removable.

It is important to notice that in case the dental bridge is fixed on neighboring teeth, these teeth should be polished. In case the dental bridge is fixed on implants, none of the teeth are affected.

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Durability of Dental Crowns

The durability of dental crowns depends on the precise and qualitative fabrication of the dental crown, professional and precise work of the dentist as well as daily hygiene of the teeth. Dental prosthesis usually requires even more precise hygiene then natural teeth.

 It is important to know:

  • No matter how strong a dental crown or dental bridge is, it will not be as strong as your own teeth. Thus one will need to avoid particularly hard foods, and destructive habits such as biting ones fingernails, shelling seeds or nuts with teeth, etc.
  • A major risk factor to dental prosthesis is clenching or grinding. This is the reason why the mouth guard is recommended after prosthesis in the most of cases.
  • There may be some sensitivity for a few days after dental prosthesis. If this is prolonged, or the area feels sore to bite on, you should contact your dentist immediately.
  • Ceramic crown or ceramic layer of the crown may chip.  Is minor chipping occurs this can be left or repaired. Otherwise the crown may need to be replaced.
  • If any movement of the crown or bridge, or any other changes are noticed, it is important to visit the dentist immediately.
  • In purpose to ensure the long-lasting use of dental prosthesis, the proper oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist once per year and professional oral hygiene 2 times per year are necessary.