Pain in the lower jaw bone, difficulties in opening the mouth and chewing – sounds familiar? These and similar symptoms are indicative of jaw joint (or TMJ) disorders. Symptoms may also be less noticeable. Did you know that sore or tingling ears may indeed have nothing to do with the ears? Often such symptoms are indicative of the jaw joint diseases. Doctors warn that jaw joint disorders do not go away on their own – ignoring the problem increases pain and discomfort and makes treatment more difficult.
What causes jaw joint disorders?
The temporomandibular joint supports the position and functions of the lower jaw bone: opening and shutting of the mouth, chewing and biting. If any of these movements are impaired, the jaw joint becomes painful. These issues are often faced by persons of different age.
Jaw joint disorders may be either innate or predetermined by various reasons, such as teeth grinding reflex, irregular dental occlusion, infection, jaws trauma and other purposes. If the discomfort, crackle or pain in the jaw joint persists and is recurrent for a month or longer, you should seek medical attention – pay a visit at an orthopaedic dentist or an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Possible solutions to the problem
When treating a jaw joint, your doctor first assesses its condition. Additional testing may be required, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance. Thus, the causes behind operational failure are examined. Minded inquiry into the causes ensures the effectiveness of the treatment. Upon the assessment of the joint motion, muscular tension and the imposition of disorders, the patient is forwarded to a specialist in the relevant field for the required treatment:
Physiotherapeutic procedures. In less complicated situations, exercises are recommended, in cooperation with the other specialists, usually corrective therapists, etc.
Orthodontic treatment. If the problem is caused by irregular dental occlusion, orthodontic treatment is required.
Bruxism teeth guard. It protects the jaw joint and the teeth from wear due to teeth grinding reflex.
Surgical treatment. Surgical treatment is a comprehensive concept. Surgical treatment depends on the volumes of complexity, applicable methodologies, competence of doctors etc. The large-scale surgical procedure is required only in exceptional circumstances, in very complicated cases.
It is dangerous to ignore jaw diseases. Jaw joint lesions not only cause pain and discomfort but also may adversely affect the whole body. Jaw joint disorders can be treated by an experienced professional. The treatment of modality and duration depend on the disease cause and complexity. A visit to the doctor’s office and timely measures can prevent complex treatment or complications.