Adult people very often ask if orthodontic treatment isn’t too late for their age.

Orthodontic treatment has no age limits, the important issue is condition of tissues that surround and support teeth.

Adult treatment can sometimes be more difficult and longer because they tend to have other health problems that can have influence on their teeth.

Adult people who contact a doctor–odontologist can be classified into two groups:

Young adults:

  • Patients with anomalies of tooth position or minor malocclusions. In these cases regular orthodontic treatment is applied.
  • Patients whose treatment was purposefully delayed and planned only when physical growth period fully finishes (at the age of about 18). These patients usually have serious skeleton anomalies genetically persistent in the family. Application of orthodontic treatment with functional appliancess for these patients in their childhood will not fully correct their anomalies but simplify their complex future treatment. In case the term, when functional apparatuses could have been applied, is over we suggest waiting until the period of physical growth is complete and then a full complex treatment – orthognathic maxilla surgery as well as orthodontic treatment are planned.
  • Patients who had to be treated earlier, during an accelerated physical growth period, however, due to some reasons orthodontic treatment was not applied and in the long run anomaly deteriorated until it turned into a serious problem. Depending on the severity of the problem, majority of those patients require complex treatment consisting of temporomandibular joint and periodontal treatment as well as orthodontic or even orthognathic surgery, see further

Adults (over 40):

  • These patients often have prosthetic teeth and a lot of pulled out teeth, periodontal problems as well as “secondary anomalies”, which developed and increased during their adulthood.
    They usually complain about dental aesthetics, temporomandibular dysfunction, moreover, prosthesis and implantation are difficult due to wrong position of their teeth.
    These people often notice changes in their front teeth position, such as gap development between their teeth, front teeth moving forward, one or group of teeth growing longer .
    Development of “secondary anomaly” is encouraged by losing one or group of teeth in side segments and periodontal disease. These factors distort normal power balance in chewing apparatus.
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Adult treatment can be classified into adjuvant and complete therapy.

Complete orthodontic treatment is the same as orthodontic treatment applied to young adults. Its goal is to develop good occlusion and dental contacts, beautiful dental aesthetics as well as overall patient’s appearance.

Adjuvant orthodontic treatment is applied to adults in order to facilitate other odontological procedures: prosthesis, implantation as well as control of periodontal diseases. Nearly always when this type of treatment is applied, only several teeth are being treated – the problematic ones. The length of this treatment can take a few months and in rare cases it can last for longer than a year.

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